Mobile phones have become an obvious attribute of every individual in society. At first, the key point was in connectivity functions, which appeared to be a crucial step forward into scientific progress of modern life, notwithstanding distribution of computers and Internet network. It is now that mobile phones operate as multifunctional devices, providing even those services, which are far from initial ones. In contrast to contemporary i-phones, smartphones and upgraded mobile phones, their first “ancestor” dates back to 1908, when Nathan B. Stubblefield from Kentucky invented a cave-radio telephone. Hand-held devices of a modern type have only been around since 1973. The first modern wireless mobile phone was the result of a patent issued to George Sweigert of Ohio, USA, in 1969.
However, basic applications of mobile phones appeared rather later, and mostly by North European countries.
Therefore, data services on mobile phones and SMS text messaging via dedicated cell phone plans was patented in 1993 in Finland. The first SMS was sent over the Vodafone GSM network in the United Kingdom on 3 December 1992, from Neil Papworth of Sema Group using a personal computer to Richard Jarvis of Vodafone using a handset. The text of the message was “Merry Christmas”. All first installations of SMS gateways were for network notifications sent to mobile phones, usually to inform of voice mail messages. The first commercially sold SMS service was offered to consumers, as a person-to-person text messaging service by Radiolinja (now part of Elisa) in Finland in 1993, and Nokia was the only handset manufacturer whose total GSM phone line in 1993 supported user-sending of SMS text messages.
Finland is also notable for invention and implementation of trial payments via mobile phones and sale of ringtones in 1998. Commercial payments for electronics and commodities were introduced in Norway in 1999 as well as the same year Japanese NTT DoCoMo patented Internet access via i-Mode.
There is an interesting story about Bluetooth invention, especially about the choice of name of the technology. Bluetooth was a nickname made by English chroniclers for Danish Viking King, who lived in 910-940. King Harald Bluetooth went down in history as a collector of Scandinavia lands. In particular, he attributed the union of Denmark and Norway (and Bluetooth technology integrates the telecommunications and computer industry). Probably, by analogy with this myth the Bluetooth technology is also designed to unite the world of mobile electronics. Thus, in early 1998 Ericsson, IBM, Intel, Toshiba and Nokia - the largest companies on computer and telecommunications market - have teamed up to jointly develop wireless technology to connect mobile devices. On May 20th the official presentation of the special working group (SIG - Special Interest Group) was arranged. Later it was directed to ensure the smooth implementation of the technology, called Bluetooth. Soon, the group included 3COM/Palm, Axis Communication, Motorola, Compaq, Dell, Qualcomm, Lucent Technologies, UK Limited, Xircom.
To date, mobile phones have lost their primary vocation, carrying out various operations. They have achieved a status of inherent part of everyday life, including business, socializing, governance, mass media, etc. That is why, the number of mobile brands is increasing, but not as fast as patents for mobile phones’ applications, which are also worked out by software and electronic companies (Apple, for example). That is why the appearance and acknowledgement of patents described earlier has already gone into past and the history of mobile phones.